THESIS
2005

ix, 90 leaves : ill. ; 30 cm

**Abstract**
The U(1) slave-boson mean-field theory of the t - J model has been used by many authors as a starting point for the theoretical analysis of high - T

_{c} cuprate superconductors. With suitable refinements, the theory can explain a lot of qualitative features of cuprates. However, the theory does not produce a correct description of the low-energy quasi-particle properties in the under-doped regime. There exist several possible schemes to resolve this difficulty, among them, one generalizes the U(1) theory to SU(2) formulation and the other introduces confinement between spinons and holons....[

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The U(1) slave-boson mean-field theory of the t - J model has been used by many authors as a starting point for the theoretical analysis of high - T

_{c} cuprate superconductors. With suitable refinements, the theory can explain a lot of qualitative features of cuprates. However, the theory does not produce a correct description of the low-energy quasi-particle properties in the under-doped regime. There exist several possible schemes to resolve this difficulty, among them, one generalizes the U(1) theory to SU(2) formulation and the other introduces confinement between spinons and holons.

In this thesis, we generalize the Landau transport equations of the U(1) slave-boson mean-field theory of the t - J model to the SU(2) formulation. We first generalize the SU(2) slave-boson mean-field theory to the time-dependent regime. After eliminating the boson and constraint fields exactly in the linear-response regime at zero-temperature, we obtain a set of transport equations for quasi-particles, which has a similar structure as the Landau transport equations for Fermi-liquid superconductors, with all the Landau parameters explicitly given except that besides the usual effective interaction in the particle-hole channel in Fermi-liquid theory, we find an effective interaction in the particle-particle channel, which reflects the SU(2) symmetry between particles and holes. The transport equation is SU(2) invariant at half-filling. Around q⃗ = 0, the electron density couples only to the transverse part of the external field and the quasi-particle charge is still of order x.

Besides the SU(2) formulation approach, we also investigate spinon-holon confinement in the U(1) slave-boson theory. The optical and thermal conduc-tivities of U (1) slave-boson theory with confinement are calculated. For optical conductivity, we consider only the contributions from static impurities. The qualitative behavior of our results agrees with experimental results. However, to explain the experiments quantitatively, we need to study further the con-tributions from phonons. We found a phenomenological effective Hamiltonian for the quasi-particle Green's functions in the U(1) slave-boson theory with spinon-hoion confinement. Starting from this effective Hamiltonian, we exam-ine the thermal conductivity within the theory. In particular, we compare the thermal conductivity for four different situations: (i) the ordinary d-wave su-perconducting state with four Dirac Fermi points; (ii) the normal metal state with a half-pocket Fermi surface; (iii) the spinon-holon confinement supercon-ducting state with a half-pocket Fermi surface; (iv) BCS superconducting state with a half-pocket Fermi surface.

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